You are away from home and when you are back you see it has burned down accidentally or one fine day when you back from work you see some thieves broke in and took away your prized possessions. To avoid losses due to such unforeseen circumstances one goes for home insurance.
Home insurance which is commonly called hazard insurance is a property insurance that covers private homes. It combines various personal insurance protections, which include losses occurring to one’s home, its contents, loss of its use or loss of other personal possessions of the homeowner, as well as liability insurance for accidents that may happen at the home.
It is a multiple-line insurance, meaning that it includes both property and liability coverage, with an indivisible premium, meaning that a single premium is paid for all risks. The basic requirement is that at least one of the named insured occupies the home. At times there are residents who don’t qualify for this, use the dwelling policy.
The premium of the insurance depends on what it would cost to replace the house and which additional items to be insured with the house are attached to the policy. The insurance policy in itself is quite a lengthy contract. Typically, claims due to floods, or war are excluded.
There is a provision of special insurance, including flood insurance. Apart from this fire insurance requires a special premium charge, plus the addition of smoke detectors and on-site fire suppression systems in order to qualify.
It was in the year 1950 when the first home insurance policy was floated in United States. Some people claim that similar policies had existed in Great Britain and certain areas of the United States previously too. In the late forties US insurance law was reformed and during this process multiple line statutes were written, allowing homeowners policies to become legal.
Prior to the 1950s, the policies involving the various perils that could affect a home were different. The drawback was that a homeowner would have had to purchase separate policies covering fire losses, theft, personal property, and the like.
Then in the 1950s, policy forms were developed allowing the homeowner to purchase all the insurance they needed on one complete policy. The need for standardization grew so great that a private company based in Jersey City, New Jersey, Insurance Services Office, also known as the ISO, was formed in 1971 to provide risk information and issued a simplified homeowners policy for resell to insurance companies. These policies have been amended over the years.
Unlike the vehicle insurance, home insurance is not mandatory. But with a rapid rise in real estate prices and high prices involving the construction and maintenance home insurance today is a more accepted insurance.
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